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United States Presidents

The Presidency has grown from humble beginnings to the most powerful office on Earth.

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    The Presidents of the United States have played a key role in the functioning and development of our country.
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    1. George Washington (1732-1799). President from 1789-1797.
    A.The First President of the United States.
    B. Decided that all Presidents should live where they work.
    C. Helped select the site and design of the city that would become the Capital of the U.S.
    Image: Wikimedia
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    2. John Adams (1735-1826). President from 1797-1801.
    A. Established the Naval Department.
    B. First to live in the new Capital.
    Image: Wikimedia
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    3. Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826). President from 1801-1809.
    A. Doubled the size of the United States by purchasing the territory of Louisiana.
    Image: Wikimedia
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    4. James Madison (1751-1836). President from 1809-1817.
    A. Asked Congress to declare war on Britain.
    Image: Wikimedia
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    5. James Monroe (1758-1831). President from 1817-1825.
    A. Declared that the United States would behave unfavorably toward European countries that tried to interfere with North and South American affairs-"The Monroe Doctrine."
    Image: Wikimedia
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    6. John Quincy Adams (1767-1848). President from 1825-1829.
    A. Was the first candidate to become president with a majority of the electoral college, but a minority of the popular vote.
    B. Wanted to use taxes on roads, canals and scientific exploration which wasn't popular.
    Image: Wikimedia
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    7. Andrew Jackson (1767-1848). President from 1829-1837.
    A. Fought with Congress over any legislation that appeared to favor the rich.
    Image: Wikimedia
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    8. Martin Van Buren (1782-1862). President from 1837-1841.
    A. Was responsible for forcing 15,000 Cherokee from their Georgia homeland to what is now Oklahoma. The resulting journey was to be known as "The Trail of Tears."
    Image: Wikimedia
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    9. William Henry Harrison (1773-1841). President from March 1841 to April 1841.
    A. After delivering the longest ever inaugural address on a very cold and windy March day, Harrison developed pneumonia and died exactly a month after his inauguration.
    Image: Wikimedia
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    10. John Tyler (1790-1862). President from 1841-1845.
    A. With the death of William Harrison, John Tyler became the first vice president to assume the office of President.
    B. The first President to be married in office.
    Image: Wikimedia
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    11. James K. Polk (1795-1849). President from 1845-1849.
    A. Reduced the Tariff.
    B. Created an independent Treasury.
    C. Settle the long-standing dispute with Britain over the northern Oregon boundary.
    D. Mexican War of 1846.
    Image: Wikimedia
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    12. Zachary Taylor (1784-1850). President from 1849-1850.
    A. Was opposed to having the territories become slave states.
    Image: Wikimedia
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    13. Millard Fillmore (1800-1874). President from 1850-1853.
    A. Became president after Zachary Taylor's death.
    B. Signed the Compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Act.
    C. Federal aid for railroad construction.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    14. Franklin Pierce (1804- 1869). President from 1853-1857.
    A. Supported the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 which brought the country close to civil war.
    B. Gadsden Purchase secured the border between the United States and Mexico.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    15. James Buchanan (1791-1868). President from 1857-1861.
    A. Entered the White House at a time when the struggle over slavery was spinning out of control.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    16. Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865). President from 1861-1865.
    A. His election as president triggered the secession of the southern states.
    B. Issued the Emancipation Proclamation.
    C. Gave the Gettysburg Address, on the site of the most horrific battle of the war.
    Image: Wikimedia
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    17. Andrew Johnson (1808-1875). President from 1865-1869.
    A. Became president after Lincoln's assassination.
    B. Was the first president to be impeached. He missed be convicted by one vote.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    18. Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885). President from 1869-1877.
    A. Special Resumption Act, which made it legal to redeem "greenbacks" issued during the Civil Ar for gold or silver coins.
    Image: Wikimedia
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    19. Rutherford B. Hayes (1822-1893). President from 1877-1881.
    A. Ended Reconstruction.
    B. Vetoed Congress's first ban on Chinese immigration.
    C. Attacked the corrupt patronage system.
    Image: Wikimedia
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    20. James A. Garfield (1831-1881). President from March 1881 to September 1881.
    A. Was assassinated only four months into his term.
    B. Second president to be killed in office.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    21. Chester A. Arthur (1830-1886). President from 1881-1885.
    A. Became president after Garfield's assassination.
    B. Signed the Pendleton Act which established the Civil Service Commission.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    22. Grover Cleveland (1837-1908). President from 1885-1889(Term 1). A. The first Democratic president since the Civil War. B. Married 21 year old Francis Folsom, twenty-eight years his junior.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    23. Benjamin Harrison (1833-1901). President from 1889-1893.
    A. Six states were admitted to the Union.
    B. Approved the Dependent Pension Act.
    C. Set aside large appropriations for rivers and harbors.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    24. Grover Cleveland (1837-1908). President from 1983-1897 (Term 2).
    A. Was the only president to be elected to two non-consecutive terms.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    25. William McKinley (1843-1901). President from 1897-1901.
    A. Passed the Dingley Tariff Act.
    B. U.S. Declared war on Spain.
    C. Was assassinated in his second term as President. Photo: Wikimedia
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    26. Theodore Roosevelt (1859-1919). President from 1901-1909.
    A. Was the youngest person to become president.
    B. Protected American workers from the power of the wealthy business interests.
    C. Elected to second term.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    27. William H. Taft (1857-1930). President from 1909-1913.
    A. Continued prosecution of unfair business practices under the Sherman Antitrust Act.
    C. Created the tradition of throwing out the first ball on opening day of baseball season.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    28. Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924). President from 1913-1921.
    A. Established economic reforms.
    B. Presided over two Constitutional amendments: the 18th and 19th.
    C. President during WWI and won the Nobel Peace Prize for his work on post war peace.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    29. Warren G. Harding (1865-1923). President from 1921-1923.
    A. Ceded much of of his power to Congress.
    B. Term filled with scandal.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    30. Calvin Coolidge (1872-1933). President from 1923-1929.
    A. Took office after Harding's death.
    B. Believed in a "hands off" government.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    31. Herbert Hoover (1874-1964). President from 1929-1933.
    A. President during the depression.
    B. Felt that it was not the government's place to directly assist the individuals and families who were adversely affected by the depression.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    32. Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945). President from 1933-1945.
    A. The only president elected to four terms.
    B. Was President during WWII.
    C. Rallied the country by creating a wartime industrial machine that helped win the war for the Allies and revive the economy.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    33. Harry S. Truman (1884-1972). President from 1945-1953.
    A. President during the final year of the war.
    B. Decided to drop two nuclear bombs on Japan. The war ended soon after.
    C. Sent troops to face North Korea.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    34. Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969). President from 1953-1961.
    A. President while Joseph McCarthy hunted for communists.
    B. Sent federal troops to escort African American students to school.
    C. Approved space program.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    35. John F. Kennedy (1917-1963). President from 1961-1963.
    A. Faced off with the Soviet Union.
    B. Supported the Civil Rights movement.
    C. Urged the space program to land a man on the moon. D. Was assassinated in 1963.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    36. Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973). President from 1963-1969.
    A. Became president when Kennedy was assassinated.
    B. Passed legislation-Civil Rights Act, Health Insurance for the Elderly.
    C. Vietnam War.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    37. Richard Nixon (1913-1994). President from 1969-1974.
    A.Visited China.
    B. Warmed relations with the U.S.S.R.
    C. Left office due to the Watergate scandal.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    38. Gerald R. Ford (1913-2006). President from 1974-1977.
    A. Became president after Nixon left office.
    B. Only unelected vice president to become president.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    39. Jimmy Carter (born 1924). President from 1977-1981.
    A. Peace agreement between Egypt and Israel.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    40. Ronald Reagan (1911-2004). President from 1981-1989.
    A. Tax reforms.
    B. Eased relations with the Soviet Union.
    C. Economic turnaround.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    41. George Bush (born 1924). President from 1989-1993.
    A. Was president during the end of the cold war.
    B. Forced Iraq out of Kuwait in 1990.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    42. William J. Clinton (born 1946). President from 1993-2001.
    A. The lowest unemployment rate in modern history.
    B. Overhauled the economic system.
    C. Was impeached but not convicted in 1998.
    Photo: Wikimedia
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    43. George W. Bush (born July 6, 1946). A. Was President when the 911 attacks occurred. B. Approved invasions on Iraq and Afghanistan. Photo: Wikimedia Commons
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    44. Barack Obama (born 1961) . President from 2009 - present.
    A. First African-American president. B. Entered office during a declining economy and two wars. Photo: Wikimedia
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    Some of our most influential Presidents faces are carved into Mt. Rushmore. Click here for more photo galleries.
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